Advantages And Disadvantages Of Hormonal Contraceptives


Advantages And Disadvantages Of Hormonal Contraceptives

Family planning plays an important role in a modern woman’s life. That is why it is necessary to choose the most effective and convenient contraceptive. Hormonal contraceptives are rightfully considered to be the most reliable means to protect against unwanted pregnancies (98%). Besides, they are convenient to use.

Types of contraceptives and their specifics

Today, there are two types of oral contraceptives:

1. Combined oral contraceptives

Each combined oral contraceptive pill contains a certain dosage of estrogen and synthetic progesterone or progestin. These pills provide the body with the hormones that are necessary for any woman. At the same time, they suppress ovulation, contribute to the change (consolidation) in the structure of the mucous membrane of the uterus and thus reduce the mobility of spermatozoa. 

Depending on the dosage of hormones, combined contraceptives can be one-phase (recommended for young women), two-phase, or three-phase. The latter most accurately simulates the menstrual cycle. However, in most cases, it is prescribed to women over 30.

2. Mini pill oral contraceptives

These pills only contain progestin. They have a mild effect on the female body. Mini pill contraceptives affect changes in the mucosa, but do not suppress ovulation. Therefore, they are considered less reliable.

It should be noted that oral contraceptives are available through different brands. Besides, there can be different dosages of the same contraceptive. In order to start using one, you need to consult a gynecologist who will examine your hormonal background before prescribing an oral contraceptive.

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When choosing a pill, it is necessary to consider the contraindications concerning oral contraceptive pills. For example:

  • increased blood clotting and an inclination to thrombosis;
  • cardiovascular diseases;
  • diabetes;
  • oncological diseases;
  • liver diseases;
  • hypertension;
  • epilepsy;

Oral contraceptive pills are contraindicated for breastfeeding mothers, as well as in the case of surgical intervention or unhealthy habits.


Active and confident women tend to choose hormonal contraceptives because they are very easy to use.

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In addition to being reliable, this type of contraception also contributes to the following:

  • normalization of the menstrual cycle;
  • the elimination of PMS symptoms;
  • the prevention of oncological diseases of the reproductive system, endometriosis, and polycystic ovary;
  • the improvement of skin and hair (regular use of contraceptives reduces acne and manifestations of hypertrichosis);

In addition, oral contraceptives have almost no age limits and allow women to quickly restore the ability to conceive after stopping their intake.


Like any other medical product, you should not start using hormonal contraceptives without consulting a competent healthcare specialist.

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Below are some of the most common disadvantages of this type of hormonal contraceptive:

  • incompatibility with a number of other drugs and antibiotics, including some used for the treatment of gastrointestinal illnesses accompanied by vomiting and diarrhea;
  • a large list of side effects due to individual intolerance (nausea, swelling, headaches, etc);
  • the need to follow a dosage schedule, otherwise the effectiveness of the contraceptive may drop, and additional protection may be required;
  • the inability to protect against sexually transmitted diseases;
  • mild bleeding often occurring at the beginning of drug administration and arbitrarily terminating within 1-2 months;
  • stimulation of increased blood clotting and a risk of blood clots (that is why these contraceptives are not prescribed to smokers over 35);

It is necessary to point out that hormonal contraceptives are recommended only for stable couples. In all other cases, they should be supplemented with mechanical means of protection.

This article is purely for informational purposes. Do not self-medicate, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information stated in the article.

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